Monolith
23Sep/21Off

How Was The Great Compromise An Effective Agreement

However, the issue of representation threatened to destroy the seven-week-old convention. Delegates from large states believed that their states, because they contributed proportionately more to the nation`s financial and defensive resources, should benefit proportionately from greater representation in the Senate and House of Representatives. Delegates from small States called, with comparable intensity, for all States to be represented equally in both chambers. When Sherman proposed the compromise, Benjamin Franklin agreed that every state in the Senate would have the same voice in all matters except money. The problem was referred to a commission composed of one delegate from each State to reach a compromise. On 5 July, the committee presented its report, which became the basis for the Convention`s "grand compromise". The report recommended that each state have the same vote in the House of Lords, and in the House of Commons, each state should have one representative for every 40,000 inhabitants,[5] slaves as three-fifths of a inhabitant,[5] and that tickets come from the House of Commons (not subject to changes from the Supreme House). The Great Compromise of 1787 gave large states representation by population in the House of Commons and small states gained equal representation in the House of Lords. Many delegates called for proportional representation in both chambers, while smaller state delegates decided that it was better not to have a constitution than the system proposed by Madison.

As such, the compromise rebalanced the needs of both small states that wanted a single-chamber legislative power and large states that moved for bicameral legislative power and paved the way for the development of the Constitution. Ultimately, the Connecticut Compromise kept the Convention united and led to the bicameral congress system, where the House of Commons is based on the right to vote and each state is represented equally in the House of Lords. However, while the compromise succeeded in bringing together (most often) Convention delegates, it also allowed smaller factions within the U.S. political elite — especially the southern slave class — to have enormous influence over the federal government, a reality that meant the nation would live in an almost eternal state of crisis during the Antebellum period. The most significant impact of the Grand Compromise was the change in the structure of the U.S. government. The agreement focused on shaping the interests of large states like Virginia and New York and small states like New Hampshire and Rhodes Island, and finding a balance between proportional representation and general representation. .

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